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Oromia is approximately located between 2 degree and 12 degree N and between 34 degree and 44 degree E. It is bordered in the East by Somali and Afar lands and Djibouti, in the West by the Sudan, in the South by Somalia, Kenya and others and in the North by Amhara and Tigre land or Abyssinia proper. The land area is about 600 000 square kilometres. Out of the 50 or so African countries it is exceeded in size by only 17 countries. It is larger than France, and if Cuba, Bulgaria and Britain were put together, they would be approximately equal to Oromia in size.

The physical geography of Oromia is quite varied. It varies from rugged mountain ranges in the centre and north to flat grassland in most of the lowlands of the west, east and south. Among the many mountain ranges are the Karra in Arsi (4340 m), Baatu in Baaie (4307 m), Enkelo in Arsi (4300 m), Mui'ataa in Hararge (3392m) and Baddaa Roggee in Shawa(3350m ). more>>>

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Objective of The OLF

The Oromo Liberation Front [OLF] is a political organization that is struggling for the realization of the national self-determination for the Oromo people and establishment of independent state of Oromia. Before the Oromo people were conquered by Abyssinia toward the last decades of the 19th century, they lived under an independent democratic political system, known as the Gadaa system. Ever since the conquest, the people are subjected to different forms of domination by successive rulers of Abyssinia, which later took the name Ethiopia.

In particular, the following is a list of the goals and programmes of the struggle:

  • To vest all power in the people’s congress that determines the policies and elects the government at all administrative levels.
  • To establish local and national system of government based on Gadaa principles and values
  • To institute all free and democratic rights, such as the freedom of expression, assembly, organisation, etc.,
  • To institute a secular government in Oromia that respects the equality of all religions and beliefs.
  • To set up an independent democratic legal system that promotes, protects and guarantees basic and fundamental human rights enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.