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Oromia is approximately located between 2 degree and 12 degree N and between 34 degree and 44 degree E. It is bordered in the East by Somali and Afar lands and Djibouti, in the West by the Sudan, in the South by Somalia, Kenya and others and in the North by Amhara and Tigre land or Abyssinia proper. The land area is about 600 000 square kilometres. Out of the 50 or so African countries it is exceeded in size by only 17 countries. It is larger than France, and if Cuba, Bulgaria and Britain were put together, they would be approximately equal to Oromia in size.

The physical geography of Oromia is quite varied. It varies from rugged mountain ranges in the centre and north to flat grassland in most of the lowlands of the west, east and south. Among the many mountain ranges are the Karra in Arsi (4340 m), Baatu in Baaie (4307 m), Enkelo in Arsi (4300 m), Mui'ataa in Hararge (3392m) and Baddaa Roggee in Shawa(3350m ). more>>>

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OLF Policies

Method of the Struggle

It has been our policy since the inception of the OLF to conduct both diplomatic and armed struggle to free our nation from a century old Ethiopian colonisation. We strongly belief that our struggle is part of the human endeavour to regain our freedom, in order to decide our destiny as a free people, as enshrined in the principle of national self-determination recognised for colonised people according to the charter and covenants of the United Nations.

Defence Policy

To conduct armed struggle to free our country from the occupying and oppressive Ethiopian regime’s military force is our immediate objective. The armed struggle, which has been led by the OLF for the past 30 years, is part of the legitimate armed resistance by the Oromo people against a force occupying it for generations. Therefore, our resistance is legitimate self-defence and our birth right, as well as a duty to regain our freedom. It is also our intention to develop a defence force that will defend the sovereignty of free Oromia and responsibly discharge its duties to keep peace and security of the people of Oromia. Our struggle is a continuation of our forefathers’ struggle for freedom and liberation from colonialism. It is a struggle directed against the occupying force unlike the Ethiopian force of operation that terrorizes unarmed civilians, women and children. We abhor and condemn any act of terrorism as a method of governance of struggle.

Settlement through Peace Talks

The OLF has been forced to take arms to defend itself in the face of ongoing persecution by successive Ethiopian regimes. So far, the Ethiopian regimes have refused to enter into any meaningful peace talks with the OLF to solve the Oromo quest for independence. However, the OLF is open to peace talks that aim to reach at a comprehensive peace treaty between Oromia and Ethiopia in accordance with international laws and norms.


The OLF will continue working to strengthen its cooperation with other Oromo liberation forces as a matter of priority. We will also strengthen our relationship with our allies that are engaged in national liberation struggle and work to create more understanding with all our neighbours.

Economic Policies

We consider acquiring a modern technology based economic system to be essential to stimulate the Oromian economy to overcome economic underdevelopment. Therefore, it is our primary economic policy to advance education at all age level in general and for the younger generation, in particular, to produce a modern and globally competitive work force. Land in Oromia belongs to the Oromo people and it alone shall determine the use and distribution of it through its elected representatives. We oppose any resettlement programme or use of land which the Oromo people did not give its expressed consent. We are acutely aware of the environmental impact of the century old colonisation and therefore the protection of forests and other natural resources of Oromia is our priority.

Health Policy

Our organisation will do all it can to work towards the control of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and other communicable diseases. We consider health education programme of prevention as the main strategy in the control of infections diseases and we will incorporate health education in our media campaign in raising awareness about problems of HIV/AIDS and other major public health issues.

International Relations

Our organisation will actively co-operate with all nations struggling for self-determination. We will, in particular, co-ordinate our struggle with other peoples currently struggling to liberate themselves from the Ethiopian domination. We will work actively with governments and humanitarian organisations that are committed to support respect for human rights and promotion of self-determination.